Lokrum Island - story behind the beauty
History of Lokrum Island
Nestled just a short ferry ride away from the stunning city of Dubrovnik lies the beautiful and historic Lokrum Island. This gem of the Adriatic Sea has a rich and fascinating history, making it a must-visit destination for those seeking to immerse themselves in Croatian culture. Lokrum Island, also known as the Island of Peacocks, has been inhabited since ancient times. The first recorded inhabitants were the ancient Greeks, who named the island 'Acruvium', meaning "the bitter fruit of the Adriatic." Over time, the island was also occupied by the Romans and finaly Croats of Dubrovnik, each leaving their mark on the island's culture and architecture.
One of the island's most notable landmarks is the Benedictine Monastery, which was built in the 11th century. The monastery features a beautiful courtyard and a small museum showcasing artifacts from the island's past. Visitors can also explore the monastery's impressive gardens, which are filled with exotic plants and trees from all over the world. Another highlight of Lokrum Island is its stunning natural beauty. The island is covered in lush greenery and has a number of secluded coves and beaches that are perfect for swimming and sunbathing. The island is also home to several hiking trails that lead to breathtaking viewpoints overlooking the Adriatic Sea. One of the most unique features of Lokrum Island is its population of peacocks, which have been a fixture on the island since the 19th century. The peacocks are free to roam the island and can often be seen strutting through the gardens and forests.
For those looking to delve deeper into the island's history, there are a number of historical sites and landmarks to explore. These include the remains of a 15th-century fortress, a Napoleonic-era gunpowder magazine, and a memorial to Richard the Lionheart, who was said to have been shipwrecked on the island in 1192. Legend has it that the island was cursed by Benedictine monks who were banished from the island in the 17th century. The monks, angered by their expulsion, placed a curse on the island, stating that anyone who dared to take up permanent residence on the island would suffer a terrible fate. The curse is said to have been responsible for a number of tragic incidents over the years, including the death of the Austrian Archduke Maximilian in 1867. He bought the island from a Dubrovnik monastery in 1859 and built a mansion, gardens and a botanical park there. He also erected a cross in memory of his brother’s sailors who died in a shipwreck near Lokrum.
In addition to its rich history and natural beauty, Lokrum Island is also known for its role in popular culture. The island was used as a filming location for the hit TV show 'Game of Thrones', where it stood in for the city of Qarth. Fans of the show can visit the locations used in filming and imagine themselves as characters in the show. Lokrum Island is a must-visit destination for those seeking to experience the history, culture, and natural beauty of Croatia. With its stunning beaches, lush gardens, and rich history, Lokrum Island offers something for everyone. Whether you're a history buff, a nature lover, or a fan of 'Game of Thrones', this island paradise is sure to leave a lasting impression.